Are the basic instinct of survival, and that drives

Are humans born savages? Yes, humans are born savages; and William Golding’s Lord of the Flies proves this. In Lord of the Flies, William Golding shows the kids’ return to their natural state of savagery as they drift further and further away from civilization. Civilization is just a facade and inside each and every human there is the basic instinct of survival, and that drives the savagery within. Everyone is capable of stabbing, shooting, or murdering someone, however, everyone has their own trigger… for some, it might be jealousy or envy and for some, it could be pure anger. Since humans are born savages everyone has an evil lying within, therefore when something happens that triggers that evil the human will resort to their natural sense of savagery because that is their nature and because civilization is just a concept that keeps us from showing our true selves.From the moment a human is born, their speech, how they walk and even how they talk is all taught behavior. The society humans live in constrict a human’s natural sense of savagery; however strip that away and put a human in a situation where the rules of civilization are absent then there will be nothing but pure chaos. In Lord of the Flies, the kids try very hard to stay civilized, however, it proved to be too difficult as their inner evil started to take over. The island was slowly becoming more and more chaotic because the rules of civilization didn’t exist on this island, therefore, it was all about “survival of the fittest”. The fact is, savagery always wins. That’s why the person who fully gave in to savagery was the one who ended up with more power and more control. That person was Jack, and at first, when he was playing along and acting civilized he wasn’t in control, he was being controlled. However as soon as he stopped choosing to be nice and let his natural instinct of survival guide him, he was the one on top. “Jack spoke.”Give me a drink.” Henry brought him a shell and he drank, watching Piggy and Ralph over the jagged rim. Power lay in the brown swell of his forearms: authority sat on his shoulder and chattered in his ear like an ape.” (Golding, 165). Civilization is a choice and as soon as one stops choosing civilization over savagery, that person’s true self will be revealed.Everyone is capable of doing savage things and William Golding demonstrates that by having British children go from being civilized to being full on savages. Ralph is a character who was very civilized and always put others before himself, however, when it came to life or death he had to use his natural instinct of survival. He was either going to be the predator or the prey and when push came to shove and his life was at risk, Ralph chose to be the predator because his instinct was to survive, “Ralph launched himself like a cat; stabbed, snarling, with the spear, and the savage doubled up.” (Golding, 177-178). Everyone gives in to their natural savagery, but some take longer than others.In the end, it all goes down to survival, it’s what humans are born to do. As they grow up they are trained to suppress their savagery but that does not mean it’s not there. Humans are ‘tamed’ into being what society wants them to be and not what they are born to be, humans are beasts just like any other animal, although humans have a more developed brain and room for logic and common sense they still have the same core survival instinct that kicks in when the right circumstances are presented. If humanity wasn’t naturally savage there would be no need for laws against murder and violence, but humanity is savage and laws are there to try and hide humanity’s inner savagery. Humans are naturally savage, “Human beings kill anything… We kill all other creatures, and we kill our own… we kill our family members, our children, our parents, our spouses, our brothers and sisters, our cousins and in-laws. We kill strangers. We kill people who are different from us, in appearance, beliefs, race, and social status.” (Fields, 286). No other animal or creature kills as much as humans do. The animals that do kill, have a much less intelligent and they kill for completely different reasons than humans, “Carnivores kill for food… We kill for advantage and for revenge, we kill for entertainment” (Fields, 286). This shows how humans are far more savage than even wild animals, and how humans are naturally born as savage beings.Since humans are born savages, society has created laws and rules that constrict and hide a human’s natural savage side in order to keep the facade of civilization. Everyone is capable of savagery since it is in a human’s nature, therefore once you take away the rules for civility humans will resort to savagery and cause chaos. Mankind is inherently savage, and even with a far more intelligent and complex brain than that of a wild animal, humans kill their own kind, they kill their family, friends and even stranger for revenge, or entertainment while wild animals only kill for food or protection.


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