Democracy is a system of government that is made of representatives who are elected by all eligible members of the country. The term democracy means “rule by the people”. Citizens elect officials to make political decisions, formulate laws, and administer programs for the public good. There are three branches of government: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. These branches provide checks and balances to ensure the smooth running of the system, and prevents concentration and abuse of power.
A democracy is often said to be challenging, as it requires a lot of input from citizens and is rather slow. In the words of Abraham Lincoln, democracy is a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” But there are different types of democracies that are suitable for each type of population. Through democracy, citizens can actively participate in the rule of the country. Individuals have an avenue for meaningful participation both in government and in their own communities.
Freedom is a word that has different meanings in different contexts. In the context of democracy, freedom means liberty. It means fundamental human rights. It means one has the freedom of free speech, freedom of expression, freedom of education, freedom of religion, and various other freedoms that are unique to each constitution. It also means liberty, where the country is not under tyrannical rule. In an authoritarian system, people may not have the freedom to participate in the government and thus have organization that would constantly be censored and controlled. Democracy gives freedom to the individuals and subsequently, to the minority and majority, and the organizations they may constitute.
C) Does democracy ensure freedom?
Democracy is a government for the people to choose their leaders and to hold their leaders accountable. It relies on a system of law to give fundamental and constitutional rights to all individuals in the country. Does it ensure freedom? For the most part, yes. It gives a certain freedom to all citizens. It gives them the freedom to choose their representatives, freedom to live without the threat of war, freedom of education, and freedom to express themselves.
Democracy puts the power of the nation into the hands of its representatives. These people must make suitable choices and uphold the sovereignty of law for the betterment of the country. The system is built in with checks and balances that demand a separation of power. The government is limited in its corresponding jurisdictions, and the judiciary, executive, and the legislature remain independent to keep the system impartial. All of this points to democracy ensuring the freedom of the individual. As long as the freedom of the individual rests in the hands of the majority of the people, there can be a balance of probability that suggests that it will be protected.
There have been different forms of government that were tried and tested in the world. History has seen the rise and fall of various systems of government that did not ensure freedom in one way or another to its citizens. Democracy has stood the test of time and has now been adopted in 123 countries in the world. Comparing these nations to others that are run by dictators or monarchs, where people have little say in the run of the country, they certainly have an active citizen participation, and in turn, progressive movements that aid the freedom of its citizens. While all people are under the law and are restricted in some form or another, the majority of freedom is enjoyed by all. The basic freedom that all people must have are protected in a democracy, and is ensured.
I support my conclusion that democracy does ensure freedom. Comparing the many different types of governments in the world, such as dictatorship, monarchy, communism, authoritarian, and so on, democracy is the one form of government that keeps most of the rights of its citizens in the hands of the people. This leads to the fact that while all of the people may not be satisfied with the decisions of the majority, the rights of the minority are still considered and given importance. While writing my essay I came upon the question of whether democracy ensures all kinds of freedom. Through research, I found many opinions that were along the same trains of thought that democracy is limiting and restricting. This pushed me to think: Why do people think democracy is limiting? Why do they think not all freedom is guaranteed?
The whole purpose of democracy is to provide a system that is made from the opinions of the majority of the people. This may be restricting, but that’s the point. It restricts an individual to ensure the greater good and betterment of society. Man is free to choose, but he is not free from the consequences of his choice. This promotes accountability and therefore, stability. Stability in the government leads to better decisions and better welfare. The rights of the minority are protected. Individuals are safe and secure, as well as their rights. This, in turn, ensures their freedom. Even if certain freedoms are taken away, the fundamental human rights and other rights are ensured in a democracy, but not in other autocratic forms of government. This is why I say democracy ensures freedom in a broad sense of the term.
Can democracy exist without giving freedom or rights to the citizens?
Democracy cannot exist without giving freedom to its citizens. Liberty and rights are the foundation of democracy. The core principles of democracy state that the power of the country lies in the hands of the people, and with it, the freedom to self-rule. The fundamental human rights are attributed to the citizens. This gives them freedom in the broad sense of liberty. In particular, freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of religion, freedom of expression, are all a part of a democratic system. Moreover, the right to education and the right to vote are what helps the people choose their representatives.
Democracy without freedom or rights has great potential to devolve into mob rule. Freedom is what gives democracy its meaning. In conclusion, no, democracy cannot exist without giving freedom or rights to its citizens.
Should all countries practice democracy?
Democracy is a wide concept that is practiced in many countries of the world. They practice free and fair elections and give rights to its citizens to choose representatives to make their decisions for the country. Allowing suffrage to more people will permit them to be actively involved in decision making. Also, democracy fosters freedom. It is human nature to want liberty and democracy allows it. While democracy is difficult to establish and maintain, it is the most responsive type of government to the majority and it also affords protection and hears the voice of the minority. It is of many different types which makes it easier for countries to choose a system that is best suited for their people. Representative democracy, direct democracy, presidential democracy, parliamentary democracy, and authoritarian democracy are some of the types of democracy a country can practice. It would depend on the size of the population and the literacy of the people.
There have been opinions that democracy hinders the progress of a country but with the right education and the right model of democracy, a country can flourish and give maximum rights to its people while moving forward.
Does democracy ensure freedom?
A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
a) the state of not being imprisoned or enslaved.
b) the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint.
MC: Democracy does ensure freedom
Thesis: Democracy ensures freedom because it protects the rights of everyone and gives freedom to citizens to enjoy their rights.
C1: Democracy is a stable form of government.
P1: It protects the minority.
P2: It allows individuals to enjoy their rights.
P3: It guarantees separation and dispersion of power and stops it from being inherited.
C2: Some people think democracy is not a good system.
P4: Democratic processes are slow.
P5: The word is often misused by totalitarian regimes who hide under democratic labels.
P6: There might be an illusion of choice.
C3: Democracy is the best option out of all the systems that have been tried and tested.
P7: It changes and evolves.
P8: It cannot be overthrown easily.
P9: It allows everyone’s voices to be heard.
Democracy certainly does ensure freedom. Although certain liberties are restricted in a democracy, it is the best option out of all the other systems of governments we have currently. Most rights of citizens are protected and guaranteed- ensuring freedom by definition. This is the maximum freedom humans can enjoy without descending into anarchy.