Humanism was a movement in the Renaissance, that studied human accomplishments.
Perspective is a technique used by Renaissance painters it was the attempt to show three dimensions on a flat surface. This led to more realistic artwork. This also gives opportunities to show emotions and thoughts easier through artwork.
Johann Gutenberg was a tradesman from Germany. He invented many crucial devices, possibly the most important one being the Printing Press. This machine allowed for writing to be produced in bulk rather than one by one.
Leonardo Da Vinci was a profound sculptor, painter, inventor, and scientist. He also studied anatomy. His most famous work is the Mona Lisa. This piece is so well known that the thoughts behind her smile.
The Sistine Chapel is the large chapel built within the Vatican between 1477 and 1480 by Pope Sixtus IV. It was painted by Michelangelo in 1508-1512 at the commission of Pope Julius II. The chapel is the meeting place for important papal services.
Niccolò Machiavelli was a well known writer of the Renaissance period. He has often been known as “The Father of Political Science”. He wrote songs and comedies. He was also an amazing poet. His most impactful literary work is “The Prince”. This points out human flaws and mistakes and analyzes reasoning behind actions.
The 95 Theses are a list of suggestions for the Catholic Church. It was written in by Martin Luther in 1517. He started the Reformation and a schism in the Catholic Church.
When towns people started to catch wind of Luther’s teachings some of these ideas were being applied to society. This led to mobs of angry peasants on the countryside raiding monasteries and burning them. This made Luther very unhappy because this is not what he meant by his teachings. After this Luther ordered for the prince to kill 100,000 peasants.
The Council of Trent was a set of doctrines installed by the Catholic Church. These were attempts to reform parts of the church that needed fixing.
The coronation of Queen Elizabeth I as Queen regnant of the Kingdom of England took place at Westminster Abbey, London, on 15 January 1559. Queen Elizabeth I had gained the throne at age 25 due to the death of her half-sister, Queen Mary I.