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1) Why might culture develop unique characteristics? We need our cultural skills to stay alive
2) Understand the difference between longitude and latitude. longitude is east west and  latitude is north south
3) Identify the following types of government:
a) Limited  Government has limited amount of power  everyone as limited power 
b) Monarchy a form of government
c) Representative democracy a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people
d) Communism 
4) Identify the 5 themes of geography and how they are determined (this includes the types of each theme):
a) Movement: how and why people travel from one place to another
b) Region: the earth’s surface that has unifying characteristics such as climate or industry.
c) Human-Environment Interaction: the way humans interact positively and negatively with their environments. 
d) Location: defined according to its latitude and longitude
e) Place:  the characteristics that distinguish one place from another place on Earth
i) Human Characteristics:  people, languages, communication, and transportation.
ii) Physical Characteristics: landforms, waterways,
5) Define the following: 
a) Prime Meridian: reference line from which longitude east and west is measured
b) Mountains: 
c) Equator:  imaginary line  around the earth dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres
d) Latitude: north and south
e) Longitude: east and west
f) Ethnicity: the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition
g) Culture: cushions arts and achievements in a particular nation, people, or other  
h) Dialect: form of a language that is specific to a region
i) Hydrosphere: all the waters on the earth’s surface,
j) Religion: the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods
k) Atmosphere: gasses surrounding the earth
l) Clear Cutting: removing every tree from a location 
m) NAFTA: (What is it and who is part of it?) North America Free Trade Agreement, Canada and the U.S
n) Appalachian Mountains
o) Diffusion, spreading something more widely  
p) Permafrost; a thick layer of soil that remains frozen throughout the year
r) Latifundia a large land in ancient Rome or more recently in Spain or Latin America, typically worked by slaves.
s) Gauchos – a cowboy in South America
t) Amazon River
u) Shanty Towns- a area of a town consisting of large numbers of crude dwellings.
v) St. Lawrence River 
w) Race- each of the major divisions of humankind
x) Continental Drift –  gradual movement of the continents across he earth’s surface 
y) Mixed-Market economy- an economic system in which both the private enterprises and a degree of a state monopoly coexist 
z) Cultural Hearths 
aa) Lake Titicaca 
bb) Super-cell system producing severe thunderstorms 
cc) Religion- a belief in a worship of a superhuman controlling power 
dd) Global Warming- a gradual increase in the temperature 
ee) Smog- a fog or a haze combined with smoke or other pollutants 
ff) Fault- misguided or dangerous action or habit  
gg) Convection-the act of conveying or transmitting
hh) Solstice when the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at noon, marked by the longest and shortest days 
ii) Monopoly- the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service
jj) Inuits- a member of an indigenous people of northern Canada and 
kk) Equinox- the time or date at which the sun crosses the celestial equator 
ll) Industrialization- the development of industries in a country or region
mm)Amazon Rain forest
nn) Acid Rain -rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes
oo) Society-the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community. 
pp) Andes Mountains- All Souls’ Day, as celebrated on November 2 in various European and Latin American countries.
qq) Day of the Dead-All Souls’ Day, as celebrated on November 2 in various European and Latin American countries.

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