Reading all knowledge on biopolitics, but rather tries to

Reading books is not really my thing, unless that is a math book. Occuring during my senior year when I competed in Cross Examination Debate, I had begun to read Biopower Critiques. While arguing for Biopower, Foucault was one of the main philosophers that I would indulge in, and I loved the sort of sensitive and alert intellect that he would inscribe into his lectures in “Security, Territory, Population.” Foucault is quite essential to our sense of where we are. In this book full of lectures, he lays out the major development of a radical turning point that would further explain the role of biopower in the government and in oneself. When first analyzing these complex lectures, we must first comprehend that population, in Foucault’s sense, is understood as a self-regulating mass. Upon beginning the series of lectures, Foucault begins by explaining how the sovereign is no longer fundamentally seen as striving to ensure the safety of his territory, but as trying to affect a population. More specifically, he wants to acknowledge a history of technologies of security in order to raise out of the depths, the mechanisms by which the state entered into a strategem of power relations. However, from the 4th lecture, the carrying out of this project gives the lectures a new inclination, Foucault begins to focus on the idea of government of men. Even though the genealogy of ‘bio-power’ remains in the background, he takes the collége de France, to the exploration of the different levels of the governmentalization of the state. Lectures 5 through 8 start by showing how the mindset of a pastoral type of power, developed in the pre-Christian era. Lecture 9 focuses on the transition from pastoral power to politicized government ideology, which according to Foucault, marks the origin of the modern state. The central issue of raison d’État becomes the force and the rational techniques that allow one to manipulate it. This rationality being understood as the states firm domination over the population. The final lectures, deal with the two conglomerations of political knowledge and technology in which raison d’État took form in Western societies, as we see today.Biopower in and of itself cannot be known in full. No one person on Earth can fully understand the large concept that calls itself biopower or “security.” “There is no power relation without the correlative constitution of a field of knowledge, nor any knowledge that does not presuppose and constitute at the same time power relations,” so eloquently put by Foucault. “Security, Territory, Population,” does not give us all knowledge on biopolitics, but rather tries to inform the public on the genealogy of power relations and how they control and regulate society. Michel Foucault first coined the term biopower, and through these lectures, has given the world a comprehensive look into the formation of biopolitics through analysis, techniques, and the apparatuses used for enforcing the “security.”

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